Milestones for 3&4 year old children

Socially:

-plays besides other children

-talks about feelings

-begins to take turns

-engaging in themed play

-begins playing with 2-3 children in a group

-treating teddies and dollies as if they are alive

-participates in interactive games

Emotionally:

-begins to understand right/wrong

-recognizes emotions of friends around them

-imitates parents and friends facial, verbal and physical expressions

-shows affection to familiar family and friends

-understands idea of “mine” and “his/hers”

-shows range of emotions: happy, sad, bored, angry, etc.

Physically:

-walking up and down stairs easily with assistance

-can kick, throw and catch a ball

-climbs well

-hops and can stand for a few seconds on one foot

-runs confidently

-walks forward and backward easily

-bend without falling

-helps clean up

-can handle small objects with care

-can turn a page in a book

Intellectually:

-can hold a crayon and attempts to hold a pencil

-uses age appropriate scissors

-copies circles and squares

-draws a person with two-four body parts

-writes some captial letters

-builds a tower with four or more blocks

-begins to recognize colors

-shows interest in songs, dance and read aloud books

-likes to be read to or likes to sit and look at books

Milestones for 4&5 year old children:

Socially:

-play with a small group, individually and with a partner

-engages in play themes that expand beyond personal experience

-playing with other children with shared aims within play

-playing imaginatively

-can participate in games with simple rules

-shares and takes turns most of the time

-enjoys playing with other children and seeks to please friends

Emotionally:

-express emotion through a wider vocabulary

-expresses anger more verbally than physically

-becoming more independent

-understands and obeys rules but it still demanding and uncooperative at times exploring boundaries

-recognizes a routine

-can determine emotion in others

Physically:

-stand on one foot for more than a few seconds

-do a somersault and hop on one foot

-pedal a tricycle

-skip

-understand a series of movements

-can participate in organized sport with rules

-can follow a pattern of movement and repeat it (4 claps, 2 pats, 2 jumps, etc)

-can use a fork and spoon

-able to cut with age appropriate scissors

– performs personal hygiene (washing hands, brushing teeth, etc) 

Intellectually:

-able to copy a triangle, circle, square and other shapes

-draw a person with a body and individual characteristics such as eye or hair color

-recognize patterns

-count to 10 and recognize 10 objects

-correctly name at least four colors and three shapes

-recognize some letters and possibly write his/her name

-better understand the concept of time and order of daily activities (morning is breakfast, afternoon is lunch, dinner is night time, etc)

-greater attention span

-recognize familiar word signs such as ‘stop’

-possibly know their address and phone number

-can follow a sequence of commands

1-book away

2-brush teeth

3-get in bed